Foundation, NJ U. S. A
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Newsletter for October 2011
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It is worth noting that among the Five Schools
of Islamic Fiq'h (jurisprudence), ONLY Fiq'h Ja'fria (Shi'i)
includes Ad'l or Justice among the Basic Shi'i Usool or
Principles of Belief. That it is listed immediately after the
Tawheed (Oneness of God) speaks most eloquently of the
importance of ' Ad'l ' in the individual as well as collective
life of the believers. The cospicuous absence, however, of Ad'l
(Justice) in the belief system of the four Sunni schools (madhahab-i
Arba'a)--the Hanafi, Maliki, Humbali and Sha'f'i--is essentially
to do with the sovereign will of the Umayyad and Abbasid rulers,
who ruthlessly controlled the affairs of the Muslim World for
centuries. That inclusion of Ad'l or Justice in the Belief
System would clearly negate the control of the unfair and unjust
rulers on Baitul Mal as well as the on the lives of the
Believers, explains the absence of this most essential part of
Islamic Belief System so vehemenetly and repeatedly emphasized
in the Quran.
Editor, Al-huda website
SHARIAH: The Way of Justice
by Khurram Murad
( excerpt from his book with the same title )
Shariah(The Divine Law) is drawn from two
major and two lesser sources. The first major source is specific
guidance laid down in the Qur'an, and the second source is the
Sunnah, literally the 'Way', Muhammad (the Prophet of Islam)
lived his life. (The compilation of all that Prophet Muhammad
said, did, or approved of is called the Hadith.)
Islam draws no distinction between religious and secular life, and hence Shari'ah covers not only religious rituals and the administration of the faith, but every aspect of day-to-day life.
There should be no place for dialogue with the West for such tortuous, self-deprecating arguments as: ‘polygamy is permitted, but the conditions of justice attached to it makes it effectively prohibited’. Or: ‘Corporal punishment is prescribed but hedged in with such unworkable requirements of evidence that it is virtually impossible to carry it out. Or, at least, it cannot be carried out unless an "ideal" just society is established, when it will in any case become unnecessary’.
Justice is the supreme purpose and ruling spirit of the Shari’ah. It provides the framework for the entire corpus of Islam, shaping and molding its beautiful configurations. The paramount purpose for which the Prophets were sent and struggled all their lives was to guide man to achieve justice.
‘We sent our messengers with clear signs, and sent down with them the Book and the Balance so that men may conduct themselves with justice’ (Al-Hadid 57:25)
The family is the most fundamental unit in the total scheme of social order in Islam. It enjoys the highest status and the most prestige. It is the fount of the human race, its culture, society and civilization.
According to the Shari'ah, man and woman are equal as human beings and have an equal number of mutual obligations and rights. The family unit has the man as its head, for no institution can survive without a head,; but this is no way makes the woman unequal to man.
Before discussing the concept of Shari'ah, one must understand that the religion of Islam is not a mere monotheistic religion with a set of beliefs; on the contrary, it is a way of life. Hence, the Shari'ah not only contains the rules of individuals, but also rules for the society.
The main purpose of Shari'ah is not to enforce certain rules on people but to spread justice. Justice is the resulting product a society obtains, and the by-products of this justice are freedom and happiness. The Shari'ah system is the only system. Before one makes judgments and so forth, one must study the concept itself.
The Shari'ah is an integrated homogenous whole. Once one understands its basic concepts, objectives and framework, one cannot but conclude that it is capable of creating the most human and just society, a peace and blessing for mankind.
A comprehensive yet concise study of the Islamic legal system based on divine guidance. In this book the author discuss very deeply about SHARIAH: The Way of Justice and its application to all aspects of life, including family relations, marriage and divorce, crime and punishment. We must all strive to learn the truth.
The purpose of Al-huda web site is to provide wide range, authentic & comprehensive information about the teachings of Islam.
What is justice? To put a thing in its right place.
What is injustice? To put a thing in its wrong place.
Nothing is vain that God has created, whether it be anger or forbearance or sincere counsel or guile.
None of these things is absolutely good, nor are any of them absolutely evil.
The usefulness or harm of each depends on the occasion: for this reason knowledge is necessary and useful.
Oh, many a punishment inflicted on a poor fellow is more meritorious than a gift of bread or sweetmeats, for sweetmeat eaten unseasonably causes yellow bile, whereas slaps purge him of evil.
Give the poor fellow a slap in season: it will save him beheading later.
`Adl cheh bud vaz` andar mawze`esh
zolm cheh bud vaz` dar nâ mawze`esh
Nist bâtel harcheh Yazdân âfarid
az ghazab vaz helm vaz nas.h o makid
Khayr-e motlaq nist zin-hâ hich chiz
sharr-e motlaq nist zin-hâ hich niz
Naf` o zarr-e har yeki az mawze`ast
`elm azin ru vâjebast o nâfe`ast
Ay basâ zajri keh bar meskin ravad
dar savâb az nân o halvâ beh bovad
Zânkeh halvâ bi avân safrâ konad
silish az khobs mostanqâ konad
Siliyi dar vaqt bar meskin be-zan
keh rahânad ânesh az gardan zadan
Version by Camille and Kabir Helminski
"Rumi: Jewels of Remembrance"
Threshold Books, 1996
Persian transliteration courtesy of Yahyá Monastra
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