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Newsletter for March 2010
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Imam Mahdi (a)
Muslims believe Imam
Mahdi (A.S) is the Twelfth & the last Caliph or Imam.
Shias believe that he was born in 868 AD ( 255 AH) and
was hidden by God at the age of five. He is still alive but in
cognitive and is living within people a normal life.
According to traditions report that Imam Mahdi (A.S) will
announce himself in
The Following quotations are few among many quoted by certain companions of the holy prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family) to have been made by him and are considered to be authentic.
Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mas'ood (R.A.) quoted from the prophet
Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family; "This world will not
come to an end until one person from my progeny does not rule
over the Arabs, and his name will be the same as my name." (Tirmidhi)
Hadhrat Ali (R.A.) quoted from the prophet Muhammed (Peace be
upon him & his family; "Even if only a day remains for Qiyamah
to come, yet Allah will surely send a man from my family who
will fill this world with such justice and fairness, just as it
initially was filled with oppression." (Abu Dawood) Hadhrat
Abu Sa'id al-Khudari(RA) quoted from the prophet
Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family); Al Mahdi will be from
my progeny. His forehead will be broad and his nose will be
high. He will fill the world with justice and fairness at a time
when the world will be filled with oppression. He will rule
for seven years. (Emphasis Added) Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri
(R.A.) quoted from the prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his
family; "Al Mahdi will be from my progeny. His forehead will be
broad and his nose will be high. He will fill the world with
justice and fairness at a time when the world will be filled
with oppression. He will rule for seven years." (Emphasis
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah quoted from the prophet
Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family; "The shall not occur
There is apparently no consensus among Muslim scholars as to the
authenticity of the following quote
Hadhrat Abu al-Hujaf(RA) quoted from
the prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family; saying
three times: Listen to the good news about the Mahdi! He will
rise at the time when people will be faced with severe conflict
and the earth will be hit by a violent quake. He will fill the
earth with justice and equity as it is filled with injustice and
tyranny. He will fill the hearts of his followers with devotion
and will spread justice everywhere. (Bihar al-anwar, Vol.
51, P. 74)
The coming of the Imam Mahdi(a) is found in Sunan Abi Dawud, Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi.
The mother of the believers, Hazrat Umme Salamah (R.A) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) say: 'The Mahdi is of my lineage and family…'.(— Sunan Abu Dawud, 11/373; Sunan Ibn Maajah, 2/1368.)
Hazrat Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (R.A) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him 7 his family) said: "He is one of us…"(— Reported by Abi Na’eem in Akhbaar al-Mahdi, see al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer, 5/219, hadith 5796.)
The NAQSHABANDEE HAQQANI SUFIS strongly believe the coming of Imam Mahdi (A.S) in this 21st Century is imminent. Their Shaikh Hisham has written a book "The Approach of Armageddon" that touches much on this subject and beliefs.
Al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ja’far al-Katani said: "The conclusion is that the hadiths narrated concerning the Imam Mahdi(A.S) are IN CONTINUATION as are the hadith concerning the Dajjal and the descent of Hazrta Isa (A.S)
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Hajar al-Haytami in his fatwa titled The Brief Discourse on the Portents of the Awaited Mahdi, said that denial of the Mahdi is disbelief.
Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti in his book The Rose Fragrance Concerning the Reports on al-Mahdi, wrote, "This is the belief of Ahl al-Sunnah, this is the belief of the Sufis, this is the belief of our Shaykhs, and this is the belief of the true Shadhili Shaykhs, whose path both al-Suyuti and al-Haytami followed. Whoever differs with them is a liar and an innovator.
In the light of
traditions and interpretations, the personality of the Promised
Mahdi would be as such: The promised Imam
Mahdi (A.S) would be a Caliph of God and that to
make a covenant with him is obligatory. He would belong to the “Ahl
ul Bayet” and would be in the line of
Imam Hussein (A.S). His name would be Muhammad and his
family name (kuniyat) would be Abul Qasim, he would appear in
Shi'as believe that Imam Mahdi(a) was born in 869 AD ( 255 AH). His mother, Her Greatness Narjis (A.S) (Melika), was a Byzantine princess from the family of SHAMOON, the vice fo Hazrat MUSA (A.S) taken captive in a battle between Muslims and Christians and then brought for sale in Bahdad where she was purchased by Imam Ali ALNaqi, the 10th Imam, the father of Imam Hasan Askari. It is also narrated that she had seen a dream in which she had been prophesied of meeting the Imam Hasan Askari and bearing a child to the family of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his family). Imam Mahdi (A.S) father,
11th Imam Hasan Askari (A.S) kept Imam Mahdi (A.S) ‘s
birth a secret due to the persecution that they were facing
during this time at the hands of the then ruling
There is a narration referred to the holy Prophet
upon him & his family)
"I and `Ali are the fathers of this nation; whoever knows us
very well also knows Allah, and whoever denies us also denies
Allah, the Unique, the Mighty. And from `Ali's descendants are
my grandsons al-Hasan and al-Husayn, who are the masters of
the youths of
A hadith from the Shi'a text (Kitab Al-Kafi) containing a conversation between the Imam Ali ibn AbiTalib and his companion named al-Asbagh ibn Nubata, as well as a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, whereupon The holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him & his family) speaks of Twelve Successors. Narrated Hazrat Jabir bin Samura that I heard holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him & his family) saying, "Islam will continue to be strong to twelve Muslim rulers (who will rule all the Islamic world)." He then said a sentence which I did not hear. My father said, "All of them (those rulers) will be from Quraish.
In another Hadith widely regarded as authentic, holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him & his family) said : Even if the entire duration of the world's existence has already been exhausted and only one day is left before the Day of Judgment, God will extend that day as to accommodate the kingdom of a person out of my Ahl ul Bayt who will be called by my name. He will then fill the Earth with peace and justice as it will have been filled with injustice and tyranny before then.
Tradition hold four deputies of Imam Mahdi (a) in succession to one another: 1. Uthman ibn Saeed (R.A) ( 260 AH to 280 AH) 2. Muhammad ibn Uthman (R.A) 280 AH to304 AH) 3. Hussein bin Rauh Naubakhtee (R.A) (304 AH to 326 AH) 4. Ali bin Muhammad Samree (R.A) (326 AH to 329 AH.) The fourth ‘NAEB” was informed by Imam Mahdi (a) 6 days before his death that he shall die on the sixth day and he shall not appoint any further NAEB because Allah has decided that major occultation has to start which would end as and when Almighty shall order. The last letter of Imam Mahdi (a) to Ali ibn Muhammad al-Samarri read :"from the day of your death the period of my major occultation (al ghaybatul kubra) will begin. Hence forth, no one will see me, unless and until Allah makes me appear .The Muslims from then on continue to await the reappearance of the Imam Mahdi (a) The Imam (a) is on earth among the people but "incognito." "Numerous stories" exist of Imam (a) "manifesting himself to different people who fell in great problems and then requested him for relief. Ghaybat al-Kubra or Major Occultation began 941 AD ( 329 AH ) and is believed to continue until a time decided by God, when the Imam Mahdi (a) will reappear to bring absolute justice to the world.
The 12th Imam is known by many titles like:
According to The Narrations Imam Mahdi (a) shall be from among the family of Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family); be among the descendants of Hazrat Ali (a) and Hazrat Fatima(a); have same name as Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family); have a broad forehead, be tall, fair complexioned, have facial features similar to those of Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family) , have character exactly like that of Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him & his family) , be of the age forty years at the time of his emergence and shall have received Knowledge from Allah. He shall appear before the day of judgment in Ka’aba where people will make “bayet” to him. He shall fight in battles to eradicate tyranny and oppression and spread justice and equity on earth; Lead a prayer in Ka’aba which Hazrat Isa (A.S) will follow in and he shall NOT be the same individual as the Promised Messiah (Jesus).
Ahl e Snnat
do believe that the Imam Mahdi (a) will come
from Prophet Muhammad's (s) family, more specifically from
Hazrat ALI (a) and Hazrat Fatima (a) descendants. They differ to
say that he is yet to be born, and therefore his exact identity
is only known to Allah. They do accept many of the same hadiths
Shias accept about the predictions regarding his emergence,
acts, and his universal Khilafat. They also believe that Jesus
will return alongside the Imam Mahdi (a), appear in
While the people will be pledging their allegiance to Imaam
Mahdi (a) a voice from the unseen will call out: "This is the
representative of Allah, The Mahdi, listen to him and obey him".
This announcement will be heard in every corner of the earth by
all those then living on the earth in the language they would be
speaking and understanding well. Prior to his emergence an
eclipse of the sun and moon will occur in the same month of
Before his coming will come the red death
and the white death. The red death is the sword and the white
death is plague. Several figures will appear:
the one-eyed Dajjal, the Sufyani and the Yamani.
In the Turkish built compound of the
Prophet’s Mosque in
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