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Newsletter for January 2016
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MAULANA JALAL-UD-DIN RUMI (R.A.)
Balaq, a part of Khorasan, was the centre of Persian culture. Sufism had developed there for several centuries. Apart from his father, Bahauddin Walad, he was also influenced by the two Persian poet viz. Attar and Sanai. However, in the latter years of his life, he met with Shams Tabriz which completely changed him from a teacher and a jurist to an ascetic.
In the year 2007, UNESCO was involved in the celebration of Maulana Rum’s 800 birth anniversary.
The interpretation of the Masnavi of Maulana Rum by conceptual and synoptic research techniques, makes it clear that Maulana Rum honored the office of “Imamate” that is the authority –Wilaya of Allah, the Noble Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s.) and his 12 Divinely appointed successors. In this context, Maulana Rum focused on the Wilaya of Imam Ali (a.s.). Allah only appoints Wali, as the successor of the Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).
The Sufis believe that in every period of time, there is a Divine Guide or Wali. Wilaya is the reality of Sufism; the Wali is the shadow of Allah on earth. Imam Ali (a.s.)’s appointment by Allah is apparent by Ayah 67 Surah al-Ma’idah:“O Messenger, proclaim what is revealed to you from your Lord. If you did not do so, it will be as though you have not conveyed His Message. Allah protects you from men. He does not guide the unbelieving people.” Similarly Ayah 3: “….On this day, I have perfected your religion, completed my favors to you, and have chosen Islam as your religion.”
This was the last Ayah of the Glorious Qur’an after The Noble Prophet announced Imam Ali (a.s.)’s Walaya in front of 100,000 companions returning after performing Hajj at Ghadeer-e-Khumm. The Noble Prophet (s.a.w.a.s)’s true tradition of “Thaqalayn” regarding the Glorious Qur’an and his Progeny (a.s.) confirms the Wilayah of Imam Ali (a.s.).
Masnavi Book 1: Some of the verses relating to Imam Ali (a.s.) are reproduced below:
Verse 99-100 The Perfect man in the story refers to Imam Ali (a.s.)’s title Murtaza holding authority-Maula at Ghadeer.
Verse 3720: He refers Imam Ali (a.s.) as “Amir al-Momineen” or Commander of the Faithful.
Verse 3721: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as, “The One Who Acts Sincerely” -Learn how to act sincerely from Ali.
Verse 3721-2: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as ‘The Lion of Allah’-Know that Lion of Allah (Ali) was purged of all deceit.
Verse 3723: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as ,”The Pride of Every Prophet” and “The Pride of Every Saint”
Verse 3724: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as, “The Face before Which the Moon Bows Low”
Verse 3732: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as, “The Lion of The Lord”
Verse 3745: Rumi says, “O Ali, you, who are all mind and eye, relate a little of that which you have seen.”
Verse 3751: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as “The Learned Who Perceives the Unseen”
Verse 3752: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as being “the Goodly Ease”-O you who are goodly ease after evil fate.
Verse 3762: Rumi refers Imam Ali (a.s.) as “Light upon Light”
Verse 3763: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as “Gate of The City of Knowledge””Ali Gate of Walayah Muhammadiya”
Verse 3765: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as “Gate of Mercy, Entrance-Hall to None is Like Unto Him”
Verse 3775-6: Rumi refers Imam Ali (a.s.) to “Holder of Solar Walayah-Walayah Shamsiyyah”
Verse 3779: Rumi refers to all Spiritual Seekers to have an inherent connection with Wilayah Allawiyyah.
Verse 3781-82: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as the “Route of The Spiritual Guidance-Wilayah”
Verse 3783: Rumi refers to Imam Ali (a.s.) as “A Falcon With Shining Wings. The One Who Learned from and Became Familiar With The True King of The Universe.”
Sources used: WIKIPEDIA
Rumi’s Special Shiism-Irfanparmana.wordpress.comBirth Celebration of Imam Ali-Rumi’s Spiritual Shiism
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